conferenceabstract pro

怎样写abstract,proposal,cover letter

  Writing Abstracts, Proposals, and Letters good abstracts clear proposals appropriate letters ABSTRACTS An abstract is an extract of the essence of your work. Abstracts are not summaries; they are more concise and clearer than summaries. Abstracts give what was discovered, how it was done, how it fits with other research, and what it suggests for future research. ABSTRACTS The difficulty in writing an abstract is that the abstract must be short. Most journals tell authors to send in abstracts of as few as 150 words or less. Conference abstracts sometimes require as few as 50 words. Writing a good abstract requires extreme discipline. ABSTRACTS Writing an abstract requires unusual cognitive and linguistic discipline. Excess words must be carefully eliminated. The clarity of the words will determine. If others will read your work. If readers will accurately report its information to others. ABSTRACTS Stay within or under the required number of words. Edit carefully. Have a colleague who knows your work well edit. Edit again. Check your word choices and structures against other recent abstracts in the journal to which you plan to send your paper. PROPOSALS Proposals for presenting at conferences are relatively easy to write. However writing proposals for grants is considerably more difficult. Proposals to Conferences Writing proposals for presenting at conferences is similar to writing abstracts. Brevity is important. Each conference will have its proposal requirements and deadlines posted on its website. Usually the conference prefers a one-page proposal. Proposals to Conferences The proceedings are usually published so that this gives you a publication. However, give careful consideration before having your work published this way. Because a science journal will not consider publishing work that has been published elsewhere. Proposals for Grants lengthy matters requiring information about your research the background its purpose its value to the grant-giving organization Proposals for Grants First-time applications for a grant are often unsuccessful, but do not be discouraged. If yours is rejected, detailed information about why it has been rejected will accompany the rejection. Next you should carefully rewrite the grant addressing the reasons it was rejected, and resubmit. Cover Letters Submissions to journals today are done electronically, and including a brief electronic cover letter is appropriate. Such letters are easy to write and have no need to be original, witty, or eloquent. CoverLetters Introductory and Application Letters Informal as to be impolite. ‘Hi,’ or ‘Hi Petey,’ or ‘Hi Dr. Young’ Overly formal ‘My Very Dear Dr. Young’ or ‘Honored Professor’. Introductory and Application Letters The most effective letters of introduction or application are simple and direct. You attach your resume and perhaps one other relevant brief document. Letters of recommendation are sent later. It is absolutely essential that you make no mistakes, even of a minor nature. Edit your letterbefore you send it. Introductory and Application Letters Keep a file of letters you send and letters you receive. These will serve you as a future resource for appropriate letter writing. The danger of email correspondence is that you may write so quickly and send in email. The best advice is to compose your letters in a word-processing program, copy and paste them into email.


More than 1,200 representatives of China’s 650 million women will discuss women’s progress over the last five years at the Tenth National Women’s Congress from Oct. 28 to 31.
In September 2004, the Fourth Plenary Session of the 16th Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee stressed the training and selection of women cadres.
The Law on the Protection of Rights and Interests of Women, which was amended in 2005, stipulated that “gender equality is a basic national policy“.
Last year, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council ordered an end to sex discrimination and demanded better education on laws and regulations on women and children’s rights during family planning work.
Training centers and organizations have been established to provide services for migrant women workers.
Women account for 45.4 percent of China’s total employed population and for more than 40 percent of all public servants.
Female deputies comprise 21.33 percent of the National People’s Congress (NPC), up 1.09 percentage points from the previous congress, and women make up 17.7 percent of the National Committee of the 11th Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), up 1 percentage point.
女性代表占与会人数的21.33%,比上届会议增长了1.09个百分点. 同时,在第11届政协会议中,妇女人数占17.7%,比上届增长1个百分点.


IEEE letter:属于快报形式,一般发表最新的研究成果,文章要求短小,理论推导要求不高。
IEEE Magazine:这才是属于杂志类,一般要求用文字和图表来表述些最新研究成果,不允许有过多的公式推导。
IEEE Jour/Trans:这两个属于同一类,期刊杂志,但两者面向的读者和表达方式上略有不同。两者都需要有很大的创新点,和比较详细的公式推导。
Trans:具体到一个相对较细的专业方向上,如IEEE Trans. Sign.Proc.。
而jour:面向的读者群却更加广泛,如IEEE J-SAC,所以jour需要对背景知识有更加全面的介绍。虽然jour没有trans的专注度高,但是其理论深度的要求也很高,而且其影响因子往往远远高于Trans.
IEEE 的TRANSACTION是在IEEE的JOURNAL基础上筛选征集的,理论上说是水平更高一层的了。


  1 Accession number: 20104913450090
  Title: A mixed-integer linear optimization model for local energy system planning based on simplex and branch-and-bound algorithms
  Authors: Ren, Hongbo1 ; Zhou, Weisheng2 ; Gao, Weijun3 ; Wu, Qiong3
  Author affiliation: 1 Ritsumeikan Global Innovation Research Organization, Ritsumeikan University, 603-8577 Kyoto, Japan
  2 College of Policy Sciences, Ritsumeikan University, 603-8577 Kyoto, Japan
  3 Faculty of Environmental Engineering, University of Kitakyushu, 808-0135 Kitakyushu, Japan
  Corresponding author: Ren, H. (
  Source title: Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
  Abbreviated source title: Lect. Notes Comput. Sci.
  Volume: 6328 LNCS
  Issue: PART 1
  Monograph title: Life System Modeling and Intelligent Computing – International Conference on LSMS 2010 and ICSEE 2010, Proceedings
  Issue date: 2010
  Publication year: 2010
  Pages: 361-371
  Language: English
  ISSN: 03029743
  E-ISSN: 16113349
  ISBN-10: 3642156207
  ISBN-13: 9783642156205
  Document type: Conference article (CA)
  Conference name: 2010 International Conference on Life System Modeling and Simulation, LSMS 2010 and the 2010 International Conference on Intelligent Computing for Sustainable Energy and Environment, ICSEE 2010
  Conference date: September 17, 2010 – September 20, 2010
  Conference location: Wuxi, China
  Conference code: 82566
  Publisher: Springer Verlag, Tiergartenstrasse 17, Heidelberg, D-69121, Germany
  Abstract: A Mixed-integer linear optimization model is developed to support the decision making for the sustainable use of energy in the local area. It details exploitation of primary energy sources, electrical and thermal generation, end-use sectors and emissions. The model covers both the energy demand and energy supply sides, and can provide valuable information both on the technical options, and on the possible policy measures. By aiming to realize a low-carbon energy system, the proposed optimization process provides feasible generation settlements between utility grid and distributed generations, as well as optimal diffusion of energy efficiency technologies. Moreover, the mathematical methods for solving the developed model are discussed. The focus is paid on the general solution method for mixed-integer linear optimization model including simplex algorithm and branch-and-bound algorithm. By using the suggested solution methods, the local energy system optimization problem is expected to be resolved in a reasonable time with enough precision. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.
  Number of references: 9
  Main heading: Branch and bound method
  Controlled terms: Algorithms – Computer simulation – Decision making – Energy efficiency – Energy policy – Integer programming – Intelligent computing – Mathematical models – Mesh generation
  Uncontrolled terms: Branch-and-bound algorithms – Local energy systems – Low-carbon – Mixed-integer linear optimizations – Simplex algorithm
  Classification code: 921.5 Optimization Techniques – 921 Mathematics – 912.2 Management – 723.5 Computer Applications – 723.4 Artificial Intelligence – 525.6 Energy Policy – 525.2 Energy Conservation
  DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-15621-2_40
  Database: Compendex
  Compilation and indexing terms, © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
  2 Accession number: 20074910962423
  Title: Economic analysis of a clean development mechanism project: A case introducing photovoltaic system in a commercial building in China
  Authors: Ren, Hong-Bo1 ; Gao, Wei-Jun1 ; Ruan, Ying-Jun1
  Author affiliation: 1 Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Univ. of Kitakyushu, Kitakyushu 808-0135, Japan
  Corresponding author: Ren, H.-B. (
  Source title: Huanan Ligong Daxue Xuebao/Journal of South China University of Technology (Natural Science)
  Abbreviated source title: Huanan Ligong Daxue Xuebao
  Volume: 35
  Issue: SUPPL.
  Issue date: October 2007
  Publication year: 2007
  Pages: 162-165
  Language: English
  ISSN: 1000565X
  Document type: Journal article (JA)
  Publisher: South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, 510640, China
  Abstract: A case study of the installation of a photovoltaic (PV) system as a potential clean development mechanism (CDM) project for a commercial building in China was performed by using a newly developed mathematical programming model. The model, which was developed to optimize the installation capacity of the PV system subjected to the constraints on electricity supply and demand balances, was adopted to carry out parametric surveys of PV investment and electricity price. The resultant calculations reveal that, in some cases, the PV system will be voluntarily introduced in China, and that the PV system can be certified as a CDM project with financial support by the investor country. In some combination of parameters, the value of CO2 emission reduction credit offsets the PV capital cost, although the shared allocation of economic profits yielded by the CDM project between the two countries greatly mitigates the restraints on the project, while at the same time qualifying it for the CDM.
  Number of references: 2
  Main heading: Solar energy
  Controlled terms: China – Economic analysis – Investments – Mathematical models – Mathematical programming – Surveys
  Uncontrolled terms: Clean development mechanism – Demand balance – Developed mathematical programming model – Electricity supply – Photovoltaic system
  Classification code: 405.3 Surveying – 657.1 Solar Energy and Phenomena – 723.1 Computer Programming – 901.4 Impact of Technology on Society – 911.2 Industrial Economics – 921.6 Numerical Methods
  Treatment: Applications (APP)
  Database: Compendex
  Compilation and indexing terms, © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
  3 Accession number: 20071110487595
  Title: Optimization of PV system for residential application-effect of carbon tax and electricity buy-back
  Authors: Ren, Hong-Bo1 ; Gao, Wei-Jun1 ; Ruan, Ying-Jun2
  Author affiliation: 1 Faculty of Environmental Engineering, University of Kitakyushu, Kitakyushu 808-0135, Japan
  2 Faculty of Human-Environment Engineering, Kyushu University, Japan
  Corresponding author: Ren, H.-B. (
  Source title: Journal of Harbin Institute of Technology (New Series)
  Abbreviated source title: J. Harbin Inst. Technol.
  Volume: 14
  Issue: SUPPL.
  Issue date: January 2007
  Publication year: 2007
  Pages: 140-144
  Language: English
  ISSN: 10059113
  Document type: Journal article (JA)
  Publisher: Harbin Institute of Technology, P.O. Box 136, Harbin, 150001, China
  Abstract: In this paper, five cases with various levels of carbon tax and electricity buy-back price for adoption of photovoltaic (PV) system were studied. An evaluation model, constructed in an optimization package LINGO, was employed to analyze the economic aspects of PV adoption. The results can be summarized as follows; 1) For a practical project, each case has its optimal PV capacity, considering the minimal annual energy cost and various constraints. 2) The introduction of carbon tax stimulates the adoption of PV system. However, the influence is relatively small. The optimal capacity has an increase of 0.4 kW with the adoption of carbon tax of 10 Yen/kg-C.3) Electricity buy-back price has a positive influence on PV adoption. With a price of 25 Yen/kWh, the customer prefers to adopt the maximal PV capacity limited to the available site area. However, as the price is reduced to 15 Yen/kWh, the economic attractive investment is between 0 to 1.3 kW.
  Number of references: 7
  Main heading: Optimization
  Controlled terms: Carbon – Economics – Electricity – Environmental protection – Investments – Photovoltaic effects – Sustainable development
  Uncontrolled terms: Carbon tax – Economic aspects – Economic attractive investment – Electricity buy back – Energy cost – Evaluation model – Optimal capacity – Photovoltaic (PV) system – Residential application
  Classification code: 454.2 Environmental Impact and Protection – 701.1 Electricity: Basic Concepts and Phenomena – 901.4 Impact of Technology on Society – 911.2 Industrial Economics – 921.5 Optimization Techniques – 971 Social Sciences
  Treatment: Applications (APP)
  Database: Compendex
  Compilation and indexing terms, © 2010 Elsevier Inc


Please send conference abstract if possible. Thanks many from D.
Show with this kind of means, is this abstract small equational conferencewhat kind of?
This article describes how to write a good computer architecture abstract forboth conference and journal papers.


conference-abstract研讨会摘要;研讨会的摘要;论文摘要研讨会摘要例句释义:全部,研讨会摘要,研讨会的摘要,论文摘要1.Please send conference abstract if possible.Thanks many from D.如果有可能,请寄来会议论文…











被动大陆边缘和前陆盆地背景的构造海平面升降区的标定的前提条件是,在给定全球海平面变化和视海平面变化速率的情况下,可根据上述介绍的3个构造沉降趋势对可容空间的变化进行标定。Posamentier等(1993)阐述了盆地边缘的第一种变化趋势,为了达到对地层构成进行预测的目的,又提出构造海平面域(tectonic-eustatic zone)(图1-8)。B区具有沉降速率很低的特点,在海平面旋回的某个时期全球海平面下降速率超过沉降速率产生了相对海平面下降效应(Posamentier和Allen,1993)(图1-8)。A区在整个全球海平面旋回周期中,具有沉降速率始终大于全球海平面下降速率的特点,表现为海平面视上升。根据全球海平面和构造沉降的综合分析,这种分带对预测盆地边缘的层序地层构成非常有用。在给定的海平面旋回中,岸线最大向海方向的位置决定了形成的是I型还是Ⅱ型层序。如果岸线最大向海位置处于B区,那么将发育Ⅰ型层序;如果岸线最大向海位置处于A区,那么将发育Ⅱ型层序(Posamentier和Allen,1993a)(图1-9)。

图1-8 活动边缘前陆盆地(a)和被动边缘(b)构造沉降剖面特征图解(据Posamentier和Allen,1993)


图1-9 海岸线变迁时处于A区或B区的层序地层构成图解(据Posamentier修改)








Vail,P.R.1987,Seismic stratigraphy interpretation using sequence stratigraphy.Part 1:Seismic stratigraphy intepretation procedure,in A.W.Bally,ed.,Atlas of seismic stratigraphy,V.1:AAPG Studies in Geology,27,P.1~10.

Sloss,L.L.,1963,Sequences in the cratonic interior of North America:Geological Society of America Bulletin,V.74,P.93~114.

Vail,P.R.,and R.M.Mitchum Jr.,1977,Seismic stratigraphy and global changes in sea level,Part 1: Overview,in C.E.Payton,ed.,Seismic stratigraphy——applications to hydrocarbon exploration:AAPG Memoir 26.P.51~212.

Jervey,M.T.,1988,Quantitative geological modelling of siliciclastic rock sequence and their seismic expressions,in C.K.Wilgus et al.ed.,Sealevel changes:an integrated approach:Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogist Special Publication.42.P.47~69.

Frazier,D.E.,1 974,Depositional episodes:their relationship to the Quaternary stratigraphic framework in the northwestern portion of the Gulf basin:Bureau of Economic Geological Circular 74-1,Univesity of Texas at Austin,P.28.

Compbell,C.V.,1967,Lamina,laminaset,bed and bedset:Sedimentology,V.8,P.7~26.

Wilsion,J.L.1 975,Carbonate Facies in Geological History,Spring-Verlag,Berlin.

Van Wagoner,J.C.and R.M.Mitchum,1989,High-frequency sequence and their stacking patterns,Abstract:28th International Geological Congress,Washington,D.C.,July 9-19,P.3~284.

Galloway,W.E.,1989,Genetic stratigraphic sequences in basin analysis I:architecture and genesis of flooding-surface bounded depositional units.Bull.Amer.Assoc.Petrol.Geologists,73:P.125~142.

Johnson,J.G.,Klapper,G.,Sandberg,C.A.,1985,Devonian eustatic fluctuations in Euroamerica,Bull,Geol.Soc.America,99:P.567~587.

Cross,T.A.,1994,High-resolution stratigraphic correlation from the perspective of base-level cycles and sediment accommodation.西北欧层序地层学会议论文摘要。

Wheeler,H.E.,1964,Baselevel,lithosphere surface and time-stratigraphy,Bull Geol.Soc.America,75:P.599~610.








Sangree,J.B.,et al.1990,A Summary of exploration applications of sequence stratigraphy,GCSSEPM Founda tion Eleveth Annual Research Conference Program and Abstracts,P.321~327.

Posamentier, H.W.,et al.,1993,Siliciclastic sequence stratigraphic patterns in foreland ramp-type basin.Geology,21,P 455~458.

Schlager,W.,1992,Sedimentology and sequence stratigraphy of reefs and carbonate platforms,a short course, Education Short Course Notes Am.Assoc,Pet.Ged.P.71.


来源:国际会议议程:风险管理和工程管理,第531-第535页,2008年,议程-2008国际会议:风险管理和工程管理,ICRMEM 2008
出版商:Elec.and Elec. Eng.电脑协会

1 商业管理科,西安科技大学,西安,710054,中国
2 管理工程学院,郑州大学,郑州,450001,中国
分类编号:922.1 概率学-922数据法-914 安全工程-921.2管理-912管理-911.2 工业经济-911 成本价值工程;工业经济-7232 资料处理及图片处理-723.1 电脑程序