mongodb 数据块迁移的源码分析

1. 简介

上一篇我们聊到了mongodb数据块的基本概念,和数据块迁移的主要流程,这篇文章我们聊聊源码实现部分。

2. 迁移序列图

数据块迁移的请求是从配置服务器(config server)发给(donor,捐献方),再有捐献方发起迁移请求给目标节点(recipient,接收方),后续迁移由捐献方和接收方配合完成。

数据迁移结束时,捐献方再提交迁移结果给配置服务器,三方交互序列图如下:

 

可以看到,序列图中的5个步骤,是对应前面文章的迁移流程中的5个步骤,其中接收方的流程控制代码在migration_destination_manager.cpp中的_migrateDriver方法中,捐献方的流程控制代码在donor的move_chunk_command.cpp中的_runImpl方法中完成,代码如下:

static void _runImpl(OperationContext* opCtx, const MoveChunkRequest& moveChunkRequest) {
        const auto writeConcernForRangeDeleter =
            uassertStatusOK(ChunkMoveWriteConcernOptions::getEffectiveWriteConcern(
                opCtx, moveChunkRequest.getSecondaryThrottle()));

        // Resolve the donor and recipient shards and their connection string
        auto const shardRegistry = Grid::get(opCtx)->shardRegistry();
        // 准备donor和recipient的连接
        const auto donorConnStr =
            uassertStatusOK(shardRegistry->getShard(opCtx, moveChunkRequest.getFromShardId()))
                ->getConnString();
        const auto recipientHost = uassertStatusOK([&] {
            auto recipientShard =
                uassertStatusOK(shardRegistry->getShard(opCtx, moveChunkRequest.getToShardId()));

            return recipientShard->getTargeter()->findHost(
                opCtx, ReadPreferenceSetting{ReadPreference::PrimaryOnly});
        }());

        std::string unusedErrMsg;
        // 用于统计每一步的耗时情况
        MoveTimingHelper moveTimingHelper(opCtx,
                                          "from",
                                          moveChunkRequest.getNss().ns(),
                                          moveChunkRequest.getMinKey(),
                                          moveChunkRequest.getMaxKey(),
                                          6,  // Total number of steps
                                          &unusedErrMsg,
                                          moveChunkRequest.getToShardId(),
                                          moveChunkRequest.getFromShardId());

        moveTimingHelper.done(1);
        moveChunkHangAtStep1.pauseWhileSet();

        if (moveChunkRequest.getFromShardId() == moveChunkRequest.getToShardId()) {
            // TODO: SERVER-46669 handle wait for delete.
            return;
        }
        // 构建迁移任务管理器
        MigrationSourceManager migrationSourceManager(
            opCtx, moveChunkRequest, donorConnStr, recipientHost);

        moveTimingHelper.done(2);
        moveChunkHangAtStep2.pauseWhileSet();

        // 向接收方发送迁移命令
        uassertStatusOKWithWarning(migrationSourceManager.startClone());
        moveTimingHelper.done(3);
        moveChunkHangAtStep3.pauseWhileSet();

        // 等待块数据和变更数据都拷贝完成
        uassertStatusOKWithWarning(migrationSourceManager.awaitToCatchUp());
        moveTimingHelper.done(4);
        moveChunkHangAtStep4.pauseWhileSet();

        // 进入临界区
        uassertStatusOKWithWarning(migrationSourceManager.enterCriticalSection());

        // 通知接收方
        uassertStatusOKWithWarning(migrationSourceManager.commitChunkOnRecipient());
        moveTimingHelper.done(5);
        moveChunkHangAtStep5.pauseWhileSet();

        // 在配置服务器提交分块元数据信息
        uassertStatusOKWithWarning(migrationSourceManager.commitChunkMetadataOnConfig());
        moveTimingHelper.done(6);
        moveChunkHangAtStep6.pauseWhileSet();
    }

下面对每一个步骤的代码做分析。

3. 各步骤源码分析

3.1 启动迁移( _recvChunkStart)

 

在启动阶段,捐献方主要做了三件事:

1. 参数检查,在MigrationSourceManager 构造函数中完成,不再赘述。

2. 注册监听器,用于记录在迁移期间该数据块内发生的变更数据,代码如下:

3. 向接收方发送迁移命令_recvChunkStart。

步骤2和3的代码实现在一个方法中,如下:

Status MigrationSourceManager::startClone() {
    ...// 省略了部分代码

    _cloneAndCommitTimer.reset();

    auto replCoord = repl::ReplicationCoordinator::get(_opCtx);
    auto replEnabled = replCoord->isReplEnabled();

    {
        const auto metadata = _getCurrentMetadataAndCheckEpoch();

        // Having the metadata manager registered on the collection sharding state is what indicates
        // that a chunk on that collection is being migrated. With an active migration, write
        // operations require the cloner to be present in order to track changes to the chunk which
        // needs to be transmitted to the recipient.
        // 注册监听器,_cloneDriver除了迁移数据外,还会用于记录在迁移过程中该数据块增量变化的数据(比如新增的数据)
        _cloneDriver = std::make_unique<MigrationChunkClonerSourceLegacy>(
            _args, metadata.getKeyPattern(), _donorConnStr, _recipientHost);

        AutoGetCollection autoColl(_opCtx,
                                   getNss(),
                                   replEnabled ? MODE_IX : MODE_X,
                                   AutoGetCollectionViewMode::kViewsForbidden,
                                   _opCtx->getServiceContext()->getPreciseClockSource()->now() +
                                       Milliseconds(migrationLockAcquisitionMaxWaitMS.load()));

        auto csr = CollectionShardingRuntime::get(_opCtx, getNss());
        auto lockedCsr = CollectionShardingRuntime::CSRLock::lockExclusive(_opCtx, csr);
        invariant(nullptr == std::exchange(msmForCsr(csr), this));

        _coordinator = std::make_unique<migrationutil::MigrationCoordinator>(
            _cloneDriver->getSessionId(),
            _args.getFromShardId(),
            _args.getToShardId(),
            getNss(),
            *_collectionUUID,
            ChunkRange(_args.getMinKey(), _args.getMaxKey()),
            _chunkVersion,
            _args.getWaitForDelete());

        _state = kCloning;
    }

    if (replEnabled) {
        auto const readConcernArgs = repl::ReadConcernArgs(
            replCoord->getMyLastAppliedOpTime(), repl::ReadConcernLevel::kLocalReadConcern);

        // 检查当前节点状态是否满足repl::ReadConcernLevel::kLocalReadConcern
        auto waitForReadConcernStatus =
            waitForReadConcern(_opCtx, readConcernArgs, StringData(), false);
        if (!waitForReadConcernStatus.isOK()) {
            return waitForReadConcernStatus;
        }
        setPrepareConflictBehaviorForReadConcern(
            _opCtx, readConcernArgs, PrepareConflictBehavior::kEnforce);
    }

    _coordinator->startMigration(_opCtx);

    // 向接收方发送开始拷贝数据的命令(_recvChunkStart)
    Status startCloneStatus = _cloneDriver->startClone(_opCtx,
                                                       _coordinator->getMigrationId(),
                                                       _coordinator->getLsid(),
                                                       _coordinator->getTxnNumber());
    if (!startCloneStatus.isOK()) {
        return startCloneStatus;
    }

    scopedGuard.dismiss();
    return Status::OK();
}

 

接收方在收到迁移请求后,会先检查本地是否有该表,如果没有的话,会先建表会创建表的索引:

void MigrationDestinationManager::cloneCollectionIndexesAndOptions(
    OperationContext* opCtx,
    const NamespaceString& nss,
    const CollectionOptionsAndIndexes& collectionOptionsAndIndexes) {
    {
        // 1. Create the collection (if it doesn't already exist) and create any indexes we are
        // missing (auto-heal indexes).

        ...// 省略部分代码

        {
            AutoGetCollection collection(opCtx, nss, MODE_IS);
            // 如果存在表,且不缺索引,则退出
            if (collection) {
                checkUUIDsMatch(collection.getCollection());
                auto indexSpecs =
                    checkEmptyOrGetMissingIndexesFromDonor(collection.getCollection());
                if (indexSpecs.empty()) {
                    return;
                }
            }
        }

        // Take the exclusive database lock if the collection does not exist or indexes are missing
        // (needs auto-heal).
        // 建表时,需要对数据库加锁
        AutoGetDb autoDb(opCtx, nss.db(), MODE_X);
        auto db = autoDb.ensureDbExists();

        auto collection = CollectionCatalog::get(opCtx)->lookupCollectionByNamespace(opCtx, nss);
        if (collection) {
            checkUUIDsMatch(collection);
        } else {
            ...// 省略部分代码// We do not have a collection by this name. Create the collection with the donor's
            // options.
            // 建表
            OperationShardingState::ScopedAllowImplicitCollectionCreate_UNSAFE
                unsafeCreateCollection(opCtx);
            WriteUnitOfWork wuow(opCtx);
            CollectionOptions collectionOptions = uassertStatusOK(
                CollectionOptions::parse(collectionOptionsAndIndexes.options,
                                         CollectionOptions::ParseKind::parseForStorage));
            const bool createDefaultIndexes = true;
            uassertStatusOK(db->userCreateNS(opCtx,
                                             nss,
                                             collectionOptions,
                                             createDefaultIndexes,
                                             collectionOptionsAndIndexes.idIndexSpec));
            wuow.commit();
            collection = CollectionCatalog::get(opCtx)->lookupCollectionByNamespace(opCtx, nss);
        }
        // 创建对应的索引
        auto indexSpecs = checkEmptyOrGetMissingIndexesFromDonor(collection);
        if (!indexSpecs.empty()) {
            WriteUnitOfWork wunit(opCtx);
            auto fromMigrate = true;
            CollectionWriter collWriter(opCtx, collection->uuid());
            IndexBuildsCoordinator::get(opCtx)->createIndexesOnEmptyCollection(
                opCtx, collWriter, indexSpecs, fromMigrate);
            wunit.commit();
        }
    }
}

 

3.2 接收方拉取存量数据( _migrateClone)

接收方的拉取存量数据时,做了六件事情:

1. 定义了一个批量插入记录的方法。

2. 定义了一个批量拉取数据的方法。

3. 定义生产者和消费队列。

4. 启动数据写入线程,该线程会消费队列中的数据,并调用批量插入记录的方法把记录保存到本地。

5. 循环向捐献方发起拉取数据请求(步骤2的方法),并写入步骤3的队列中。

6. 数据拉取结束后(写入空记录到队列中,触发步骤5结束),则同步等待步骤5的线程也结束。

详细代码如下:

// 1. 定义批量写入函数
        auto insertBatchFn = [&](OperationContext* opCtx, BSONObj arr) {
            auto it = arr.begin();
            while (it != arr.end()) {
                int batchNumCloned = 0;
                int batchClonedBytes = 0;
                const int batchMaxCloned = migrateCloneInsertionBatchSize.load();

                assertNotAborted(opCtx);

                write_ops::InsertCommandRequest insertOp(_nss);
                insertOp.getWriteCommandRequestBase().setOrdered(true);
                insertOp.setDocuments([&] {
                    std::vector<BSONObj> toInsert;
                    while (it != arr.end() &&
                           (batchMaxCloned <= 0 || batchNumCloned < batchMaxCloned)) {
                        const auto& doc = *it;
                        BSONObj docToClone = doc.Obj();
                        toInsert.push_back(docToClone);
                        batchNumCloned++;
                        batchClonedBytes += docToClone.objsize();
                        ++it;
                    }
                    return toInsert;
                }());

                const auto reply =
                    write_ops_exec::performInserts(opCtx, insertOp, OperationSource::kFromMigrate);

                for (unsigned long i = 0; i < reply.results.size(); ++i) {
                    uassertStatusOKWithContext(
                        reply.results[i],
                        str::stream() << "Insert of " << insertOp.getDocuments()[i] << " failed.");
                }

                {
                    stdx::lock_guard<Latch> statsLock(_mutex);
                    _numCloned += batchNumCloned;
                    ShardingStatistics::get(opCtx).countDocsClonedOnRecipient.addAndFetch(
                        batchNumCloned);
                    _clonedBytes += batchClonedBytes;
                }
                if (_writeConcern.needToWaitForOtherNodes()) {
                    runWithoutSession(outerOpCtx, [&] {
                        repl::ReplicationCoordinator::StatusAndDuration replStatus =
                            repl::ReplicationCoordinator::get(opCtx)->awaitReplication(
                                opCtx,
                                repl::ReplClientInfo::forClient(opCtx->getClient()).getLastOp(),
                                _writeConcern);
                        if (replStatus.status.code() == ErrorCodes::WriteConcernFailed) {
                            LOGV2_WARNING(
                                22011,
                                "secondaryThrottle on, but doc insert timed out; continuing",
                                "migrationId"_attr = _migrationId->toBSON());
                        } else {
                            uassertStatusOK(replStatus.status);
                        }
                    });
                }

                sleepmillis(migrateCloneInsertionBatchDelayMS.load());
            }
        };
        // 2. 定义批量拉取函数
        auto fetchBatchFn = [&](OperationContext* opCtx) {
            auto res = uassertStatusOKWithContext(
                fromShard->runCommand(opCtx,
                                      ReadPreferenceSetting(ReadPreference::PrimaryOnly),
                                      "admin",
                                      migrateCloneRequest,
                                      Shard::RetryPolicy::kNoRetry),
                "_migrateClone failed: ");

            uassertStatusOKWithContext(Shard::CommandResponse::getEffectiveStatus(res),
                                       "_migrateClone failed: ");

            return res.response;
        };

SingleProducerSingleConsumerQueue<BSONObj>::Options options;
    options.maxQueueDepth = 1;
    // 3. 使用生产者和消费者队列来把同步的数据写入到本地
    SingleProducerSingleConsumerQueue<BSONObj> batches(options);
    repl::OpTime lastOpApplied;

    // 4. 定义写数据线程,该线程会读取队列中的数据并写入本地节点,直到无需要同步的数据时线程退出
    stdx::thread inserterThread{[&] {
        Client::initThread("chunkInserter", opCtx->getServiceContext(), nullptr);
        auto client = Client::getCurrent();
        {
            stdx::lock_guard lk(*client);
            client->setSystemOperationKillableByStepdown(lk);
        }
        auto executor =
            Grid::get(opCtx->getServiceContext())->getExecutorPool()->getFixedExecutor();
        auto inserterOpCtx = CancelableOperationContext(
            cc().makeOperationContext(), opCtx->getCancellationToken(), executor);

        auto consumerGuard = makeGuard([&] {
            batches.closeConsumerEnd();
            lastOpApplied = repl::ReplClientInfo::forClient(inserterOpCtx->getClient()).getLastOp();
        });

        try {
            while (true) {
                auto nextBatch = batches.pop(inserterOpCtx.get());
                auto arr = nextBatch["objects"].Obj();
                if (arr.isEmpty()) {
                    return;
                }
                insertBatchFn(inserterOpCtx.get(), arr);
            }
        } catch (...) {
            stdx::lock_guard<Client> lk(*opCtx->getClient());
            opCtx->getServiceContext()->killOperation(lk, opCtx, ErrorCodes::Error(51008));
            LOGV2(21999,
                  "Batch insertion failed: {error}",
                  "Batch insertion failed",
                  "error"_attr = redact(exceptionToStatus()));
        }
    }};


    {
        //6.  makeGuard的作用是延迟执行inserterThread.join()
        auto inserterThreadJoinGuard = makeGuard([&] {
            batches.closeProducerEnd();
            inserterThread.join();
        });
        // 5. 向捐献方发起拉取请求,并把数据写入队列中 while (true) {
            auto res = fetchBatchFn(opCtx);
            try {
                batches.push(res.getOwned(), opCtx);
                auto arr = res["objects"].Obj();
                if (arr.isEmpty()) {
                    break;
                }
            } catch (const ExceptionFor<ErrorCodes::ProducerConsumerQueueEndClosed>&) {
                break;
            }
        }
    }  // This scope ensures that the guard is destroyed

3.3 接收方拉取变更数据( _recvChunkStart)

在本步骤,接收方会再拉取变更数据,即在前面迁移过程中,捐献方上发生的针对该数据块的写入、更新和删除的记录,代码如下:

// 同步变更数据(_transferMods)
    const BSONObj xferModsRequest = createTransferModsRequest(_nss, *_sessionId);

    {
        // 5. Do bulk of mods
        // 5. 批量拉取变更数据,循环拉取,直至无变更数据
        _setState(CATCHUP);

        while (true) {
            auto res = uassertStatusOKWithContext(
                fromShard->runCommand(opCtx,
                                      ReadPreferenceSetting(ReadPreference::PrimaryOnly),
                                      "admin",
                                      xferModsRequest,
                                      Shard::RetryPolicy::kNoRetry),
                "_transferMods failed: ");

            uassertStatusOKWithContext(Shard::CommandResponse::getEffectiveStatus(res),
                                       "_transferMods failed: ");

            const auto& mods = res.response;

            if (mods["size"].number() == 0) {
                // There are no more pending modifications to be applied. End the catchup phase
                // 无变更数据时,停止循环
                break;
            }
            // 应用拉取到的变更数据
            if (!_applyMigrateOp(opCtx, mods, &lastOpApplied)) {
                continue;
            }

            const int maxIterations = 3600 * 50;

            // 等待从节点完成数据同步
            int i;
            for (i = 0; i < maxIterations; i++) {
                opCtx->checkForInterrupt();
                outerOpCtx->checkForInterrupt();

                if (getState() == ABORT) {
                    LOGV2(22002,
                          "Migration aborted while waiting for replication at catch up stage",
                          "migrationId"_attr = _migrationId->toBSON());
                    return;
                }

                if (runWithoutSession(outerOpCtx, [&] {
                        return opReplicatedEnough(opCtx, lastOpApplied, _writeConcern);
                    })) {
                    break;
                }

                if (i > 100) {
                    LOGV2(22003,
                          "secondaries having hard time keeping up with migrate",
                          "migrationId"_attr = _migrationId->toBSON());
                }

                sleepmillis(20);
            }

            if (i == maxIterations) {
                _setStateFail("secondary can't keep up with migrate");
                return;
            }
        }

        timing.done(5);
        migrateThreadHangAtStep5.pauseWhileSet();
    }

变更数据拉取结束,就进入等待捐献方进入临界区,在临界区内,捐献方会阻塞写入请求,因此在未进入临界区前,仍然需要拉取变更数据:

        // 6. Wait for commit
        // 6. 等待donor进入临界区
        _setState(STEADY);

        bool transferAfterCommit = false;
        while (getState() == STEADY || getState() == COMMIT_START) {
            opCtx->checkForInterrupt();
            outerOpCtx->checkForInterrupt();

            // Make sure we do at least one transfer after recv'ing the commit message. If we
            // aren't sure that at least one transfer happens *after* our state changes to
            // COMMIT_START, there could be mods still on the FROM shard that got logged
            // *after* our _transferMods but *before* the critical section.
            if (getState() == COMMIT_START) {
                transferAfterCommit = true;
            }

            auto res = uassertStatusOKWithContext(
                fromShard->runCommand(opCtx,
                                      ReadPreferenceSetting(ReadPreference::PrimaryOnly),
                                      "admin",
                                      xferModsRequest,
                                      Shard::RetryPolicy::kNoRetry),
                "_transferMods failed in STEADY STATE: ");

            uassertStatusOKWithContext(Shard::CommandResponse::getEffectiveStatus(res),
                                       "_transferMods failed in STEADY STATE: ");

            auto mods = res.response;

            // 如果请求到变更数据,则应用到本地,并继续请求变更数据,直到所有变更数据都迁移结束
            if (mods["size"].number() > 0 && _applyMigrateOp(opCtx, mods, &lastOpApplied)) {
                continue;
            }

            if (getState() == ABORT) {
                LOGV2(22006,
                      "Migration aborted while transferring mods",
                      "migrationId"_attr = _migrationId->toBSON());
                return;
            }

            // We know we're finished when:
            // 1) The from side has told us that it has locked writes (COMMIT_START)
            // 2) We've checked at least one more time for un-transmitted mods
            // 检查transferAfterCommit的原因:进入COMMIT_START(临界区)后,需要再拉取一次变更数据
            if (getState() == COMMIT_START && transferAfterCommit == true) {
                // 检查所有数据同步到从节点后,数据迁移流程结束
                if (runWithoutSession(outerOpCtx,
                                      [&] { return _flushPendingWrites(opCtx, lastOpApplied); })) {
                    break;
                }
            }

            // Only sleep if we aren't committing
            if (getState() == STEADY)
                sleepmillis(10);
        }

 

3.4 进入临界区( _recvChunkStatus,_recvChunkCommit)

在该步骤,捐献方主要做了三件事:

1. 等待接收方完成数据同步(_recvChunkStatus)。

2. 标记本节点进入临界区,阻塞写操作。

3. 通知接收方进入临界区(_recvChunkCommit)。

相关代码如下:

Status MigrationSourceManager::awaitToCatchUp() {
    invariant(!_opCtx->lockState()->isLocked());
    invariant(_state == kCloning);
    auto scopedGuard = makeGuard([&] { cleanupOnError(); });
    _stats.totalDonorChunkCloneTimeMillis.addAndFetch(_cloneAndCommitTimer.millis());
    _cloneAndCommitTimer.reset();

    // Block until the cloner deems it appropriate to enter the critical section.
    // 等待数据拷贝完成,这里会向接收方发送_recvChunkStatus,检查接收方的状态是否是STEADY
    Status catchUpStatus = _cloneDriver->awaitUntilCriticalSectionIsAppropriate(
        _opCtx, kMaxWaitToEnterCriticalSectionTimeout);
    if (!catchUpStatus.isOK()) {
        return catchUpStatus;
    }

    _state = kCloneCaughtUp;
    scopedGuard.dismiss();
    return Status::OK();
}

// 进入临界区 Status MigrationSourceManager::enterCriticalSection() { ...// 省略部分代码
// 标记进入临界区,后续更新类操作会被阻塞(通过ShardingMigrationCriticalSection::getSignal()检查该标记) _critSec.emplace(_opCtx, _args.getNss(), _critSecReason); _state = kCriticalSection; // Persist a signal to secondaries that we've entered the critical section. This is will cause // secondaries to refresh their routing table when next accessed, which will block behind the // critical section. This ensures causal consistency by preventing a stale mongos with a cluster // time inclusive of the migration config commit update from accessing secondary data. // Note: this write must occur after the critSec flag is set, to ensure the secondary refresh // will stall behind the flag. // 通知从节点此时主节点已进入临界区,如果有数据访问时要刷新路由信息(保证因果一致性) Status signalStatus = shardmetadatautil::updateShardCollectionsEntry( _opCtx, BSON(ShardCollectionType::kNssFieldName << getNss().ns()), BSON("$inc" << BSON(ShardCollectionType::kEnterCriticalSectionCounterFieldName << 1)), false /*upsert*/); if (!signalStatus.isOK()) { return { ErrorCodes::OperationFailed, str::stream() << "Failed to persist critical section signal for secondaries due to: " << signalStatus.toString()}; } LOGV2(22017, "Migration successfully entered critical section", "migrationId"_attr = _coordinator->getMigrationId()); scopedGuard.dismiss(); return Status::OK(); }

Status MigrationSourceManager::commitChunkOnRecipient() {
  invariant(!_opCtx->lockState()->isLocked());
  invariant(_state == kCriticalSection);
  auto scopedGuard = makeGuard([&] { cleanupOnError(); });


  // Tell the recipient shard to fetch the latest changes.
  // 通知接收方进入临界区,并再次拉取变更数据。
  auto commitCloneStatus = _cloneDriver->commitClone(_opCtx);


  if (MONGO_unlikely(failMigrationCommit.shouldFail()) && commitCloneStatus.isOK()) {
    commitCloneStatus = {ErrorCodes::InternalError,
    ”Failing _recvChunkCommit due to failpoint.”};
   }


  if (!commitCloneStatus.isOK()) {
    return commitCloneStatus.getStatus().withContext(“commit clone failed”);
  }


  _recipientCloneCounts = commitCloneStatus.getValue()[“counts”].Obj().getOwned();


  _state = kCloneCompleted;
  scopedGuard.dismiss();
  return Status::OK();
}

 

 

3.5 提交迁移结果( _configsvrCommitChunkMigration)

此时,数据已经前部迁移结束,捐献方将会向配置服务器(config server)提交迁移结果,更新配置服务器上面的分片信息,代码如下:

    BSONObjBuilder builder;

    {
        const auto metadata = _getCurrentMetadataAndCheckEpoch();

        ChunkType migratedChunkType;
        migratedChunkType.setMin(_args.getMinKey());
        migratedChunkType.setMax(_args.getMaxKey());
        migratedChunkType.setVersion(_chunkVersion);

        // 准备提交更新元信息的请求
        const auto currentTime = VectorClock::get(_opCtx)->getTime();
        CommitChunkMigrationRequest::appendAsCommand(&builder,
                                                     getNss(),
                                                     _args.getFromShardId(),
                                                     _args.getToShardId(),
                                                     migratedChunkType,
                                                     metadata.getCollVersion(),
                                                     currentTime.clusterTime().asTimestamp());

        builder.append(kWriteConcernField, kMajorityWriteConcern.toBSON());
    }

    // Read operations must begin to wait on the critical section just before we send the commit
    // operation to the config server
    // 进入提交阶段时,会阻塞读请求,其实现和阻塞写请求类似
    _critSec->enterCommitPhase();

    _state = kCommittingOnConfig;

    Timer t;

    // 向配置服务器提交更新元数据的请求
    auto commitChunkMigrationResponse =
        Grid::get(_opCtx)->shardRegistry()->getConfigShard()->runCommandWithFixedRetryAttempts(
            _opCtx,
            ReadPreferenceSetting{ReadPreference::PrimaryOnly},
            "admin",
            builder.obj(),
            Shard::RetryPolicy::kIdempotent);

    if (MONGO_unlikely(migrationCommitNetworkError.shouldFail())) {
        commitChunkMigrationResponse = Status(
            ErrorCodes::InternalError, "Failpoint 'migrationCommitNetworkError' generated error");
    }

 

4. 小结

至此,mongodb的数据块迁移的源代码基本分析完毕,这里补充一下监听变更数据的代码实现。

前面有提到监听变更数据是由_cloneDriver完成的,下面看下_cloneDriver的接口定义:

class MigrationChunkClonerSourceLegacy final : public MigrationChunkClonerSource {
    ...// 省略部分代码

    StatusWith<BSONObj> commitClone(OperationContext* opCtx) override;

    void cancelClone(OperationContext* opCtx) override;

    bool isDocumentInMigratingChunk(const BSONObj& doc) override;

// 该类定义了三个方法,当捐献方有写入、更新和删除请求时,会分别调用这三个方法
void onInsertOp(OperationContext* opCtx, const BSONObj& insertedDoc, const repl::OpTime& opTime) override; void onUpdateOp(OperationContext* opCtx, boost::optional<BSONObj> preImageDoc, const BSONObj& postImageDoc, const repl::OpTime& opTime, const repl::OpTime& prePostImageOpTime) override; void onDeleteOp(OperationContext* opCtx, const BSONObj& deletedDocId, const repl::OpTime& opTime, const repl::OpTime& preImageOpTime) override;
下面以onInsertOp为例,看下其实现:
  void MigrationChunkClonerSourceLegacy::onInsertOp(OperationContext* opCtx,
                                                  const BSONObj& insertedDoc,
                                                  const repl::OpTime& opTime) {
    dassert(opCtx->lockState()->isCollectionLockedForMode(_args.getNss(), MODE_IX));

    BSONElement idElement = insertedDoc["_id"];
   
    // 检查该记录是否在当前迁移数据块的范围内,如果不在,直接退出方法
    if (!isInRange(insertedDoc, _args.getMinKey(), _args.getMaxKey(), _shardKeyPattern)) {
        return;
    }

    if (!_addedOperationToOutstandingOperationTrackRequests()) {
        return;
    }

// 将该记录的_id记录下面,方便后面拉取变更数据
if (opCtx->getTxnNumber()) { opCtx->recoveryUnit()->registerChange(std::make_unique<LogOpForShardingHandler>( this, idElement.wrap(), 'i', opTime, repl::OpTime())); } else { opCtx->recoveryUnit()->registerChange(std::make_unique<LogOpForShardingHandler>( this, idElement.wrap(), 'i', repl::OpTime(), repl::OpTime())); } }

 

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