【Azure 云服务】Azure Cloud Service (Extended Support) 云服务开启诊断日志插件 WAD Extension (Windows Azure Diagnostic) 无法正常工作的原因

问题描述

在Azure中国区上面创建一个云服务(外延支持)后,根据官方文档(在云服务(外延支持)中应用 Azure 诊断扩展: https://docs.azure.cn/zh-cn/cloud-services-extended-support/enable-wad),启用了WAD扩展来收集实例的Metrics信息到Stroage Account。根据官方的实例,配置好了公共配置 XML 文件(PublicWadConfig.xsd)专用 XML 配置文件(PrivateConfig.xml)后,在Storage Account中却没有受到指标数据。

相应的配置文件为:

PublicWadConfig.xsd

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<PublicConfig xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ServiceHosting/2010/10/DiagnosticsConfiguration">
  <WadCfg>
    <DiagnosticMonitorConfiguration overallQuotaInMB="25000">
      <PerformanceCounters scheduledTransferPeriod="PT1M">
        <PerformanceCounterConfiguration counterSpecifier="\Processor(_Total)\% Processor Time" sampleRate="PT1M" unit="percent" />
        <PerformanceCounterConfiguration counterSpecifier="\Memory\Committed Bytes" sampleRate="PT1M" unit="bytes"/>
      </PerformanceCounters>
      <EtwProviders>
        <EtwEventSourceProviderConfiguration provider="SampleEventSourceWriter" scheduledTransferPeriod="PT5M">
          <Event id="1" eventDestination="EnumsTable"/>
          <DefaultEvents eventDestination="DefaultTable" />
        </EtwEventSourceProviderConfiguration>
      </EtwProviders>
    </DiagnosticMonitorConfiguration>
  </WadCfg>
</PublicConfig>

PrivateConfig.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<PrivateConfig xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ServiceHosting/2010/10/DiagnosticsConfiguration">
  <StorageAccount name="stroage account name" key="xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx" />
</PrivateConfig>

执行的PowerShell命令为:

 

# 登录中国区Azure
Connect-AzAccount -Environment AzureChinaCloud
# 选择订阅号
Select-AzSubscription -Subscription 'xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx'

# 如果没有安装az cloud service模块,用下面命令安装
Install-Module -Name Az.CloudService  -Scope CurrentUser -Repository PSGallery -Force

# Create WAD extension object
$storageAccountKey = Get-AzStorageAccountKey -ResourceGroupName "resource group name" -Name "storage account name"
$configFilePath = "PublicWadConfig.xsd"
$wadExtension = New-AzCloudServiceDiagnosticsExtension -Name "WADExtension" -ResourceGroupName "resource group name" -CloudServiceName "cloud service name" -StorageAccountName "csstorageaccounttest01" -StorageAccountKey $storageAccountKey[0].Value -DiagnosticsConfigurationPath $configFilePath -TypeHandlerVersion "1.5" -AutoUpgradeMinorVersion $true 

# Add <privateConfig> settings
$wadExtension.ProtectedSetting = "<Insert WAD Private Configuration as raw string here>"

# Get existing Cloud Service
$cloudService = Get-AzCloudService -ResourceGroup "resource group name" -CloudServiceName "cloud service name"

# Add WAD extension to existing Cloud Service extension object
$cloudService.ExtensionProfile.Extension = $cloudService.ExtensionProfile.Extension + $wadExtension

# Update Cloud Service
$cloudService | Update-AzCloudService

在Cloud Service的Extension页面查看到WADExtention 已经配置好(状态为Success)。

但是在配置的Storage Account中,却迟迟收集到不数据。

问题分析

为了分析这个问题,需要开启应用远程桌面扩展(RDP)查看 WAD插件的日志。相应日志的路径为:

C:\Resources\Directory\<guid>.<webroelx>.DiagnosticStore\WAD0107\Tables

但日志文件为tsf格式,可以通过table2csv.exe 进行转换 (PS: table2csv.exe 文件路径位于 > D:\Packages\Plugins\Microsoft.Azure.Diagnostics.PaaSDiagnostics\<latest extension version>\Monitor\x64\table2csv.exe),使用 <PATH>\table2scv.exe maeventtable.tsf 命令把文件转换为csv格式后 ,即可查看日志内容:

在日志内容中发现:

WinHttpSendRequest failed; URL=https://********************.table.core.windows.net
Failed to send bytes to XTable WADPerformanceCountersTable as Xstore rejected the request; Status=12007
Retry:#0; failed to send out data; XTable WADPerformanceCountersTable; PartitionKey 0637848351000000000

因为中国区Storage Account的Endpoint与Global不一样,消息中发现的Endpoint为 core.windows.net, 而中国区的endpoint为 core.chinacloudapi.cn。由于在添加的配置文件中,并没有为Storage Account特别指定Endpoint,导致系统默认使用了Global地址。

 

所以解决问题的方案就是在PrivateConfig.xml文件中添加Endpoint [ endpoint=”https://core.chinacloudapi.cn” ]。

 

问题解决

修改PrivateConfig文件,在StorageAccount 节点中添加 endpoint,修改后的文件为:

PrivateConfig.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<PrivateConfig xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ServiceHosting/2010/10/DiagnosticsConfiguration">
  <StorageAccount name="stroage account name" key="xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx" endpoint="https://core.chinacloudapi.cn" />
</PrivateConfig>

在Powershell的脚本中可以通过  Get-Content -Path privateConfig.xml 来获取上文内容,并赋值给 $wadExtension.ProtectedSetting。

完整的PowerShell脚本为:

Connect-AzAccount -Environment AzureChinaCloud
# 选择订阅号
Select-AzSubscription -Subscription 'xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx'

# 如果没有安装az cloud service模块,用下面命令安装
Install-Module -Name Az.CloudService  -Scope CurrentUser -Repository PSGallery -Force

# Create WAD extension object
$storageAccountKey = Get-AzStorageAccountKey -ResourceGroupName "resource group name" -Name "storage account name"
$configFilePath = "PublicWadConfig.xsd"
$wadExtension = New-AzCloudServiceDiagnosticsExtension -Name "WADExtension" -ResourceGroupName "resource group name" -CloudServiceName "cloud service name" -StorageAccountName "csstorageaccounttest01" -StorageAccountKey $storageAccountKey[0].Value -DiagnosticsConfigurationPath $configFilePath -TypeHandlerVersion "1.5" -AutoUpgradeMinorVersion $true 

# Add <privateConfig> settings
$wadExtension.ProtectedSetting = Get-Content -Path PrivateConfig.xml

# Get existing Cloud Service
$cloudService = Get-AzCloudService -ResourceGroup "resource group name" -CloudServiceName "cloud service name"

# Add WAD extension to existing Cloud Service extension object
$cloudService.ExtensionProfile.Extension = $cloudService.ExtensionProfile.Extension + $wadExtension

# Update Cloud Service
$cloudService | Update-AzCloudService

最终,通过 Microsoft Azure Storage Explorer工具查看Cloud Service的Metrics数据。

 

收集Metrics数据成功!

 

附件一:WAD Extension不允许使用重复的名称,所以可以通过名称过滤掉需要删除的Extension名称后,执行以下的脚本

# Get existing Cloud Service
$cloudService = Get-AzCloudService -ResourceGroup "your resource group" -CloudServiceName "cloud service name"

$cloudService.ExtensionProfile.Extension = $cloudService.ExtensionProfile.Extension | Where-Object { $_.Name -ne "WADExtension" }

# Update Cloud Service
$cloudService | Update-AzCloudService

 

参考资料

在云服务(外延支持)中应用 Azure 诊断扩展:https://docs.azure.cn/zh-cn/cloud-services-extended-support/enable-wad

Private Config Schem: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-monitor/agents/diagnostics-extension-schema-windows#example-configuration

 

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