Spring Security实现统一登录与权限控制

1  项目介绍

最开始是一个单体应用,所有功能模块都写在一个项目里,后来觉得项目越来越大,于是决定把一些功能拆分出去,形成一个一个独立的微服务,于是就有个问题了,登录、退出、权限控制这些东西怎么办呢?总不能每个服务都复制一套吧,最好的方式是将认证与鉴权也单独抽离出来作为公共的服务,业务系统只专心做业务接口开发即可,完全不用理会权限这些与之不相关的东西了。于是,便有了下面的架构图:

下面重点看一下统一认证中心和业务网关的建设

2  统一认证中心

这里采用 Spring Security + Spring Security OAuth2
OAuth2是一种认证授权的协议,是一种开放的标准。最长用到的是授权码模式和密码模式,在本例中,用这两种模式都可以。
首先,引入相关依赖
最主要的依赖是 spring-cloud-starter-oauth2 ,引入它就够了

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
  <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-oauth2</artifactId>
  <version>2.2.5.RELEASE</version>
</dependency>

这里Spring Boot的版本是2.6.3
完整的pom如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <parent>
        <groupId>com.tgf</groupId>
        <artifactId>tgf-service-parent</artifactId>
        <version>1.3.0</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>
    <groupId>com.soa.supervision.uaa</groupId>
    <artifactId>soas-uaa</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <name>soas-uaa</name>
    <properties>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
        <spring-cloud.version>2021.0.0</spring-cloud.version>
    </properties>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-redis</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-oauth2</artifactId>
            <version>2.2.5.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.nimbusds</groupId>
            <artifactId>nimbus-jose-jwt</artifactId>
            <version>9.19</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.baomidou</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-plus-boot-starter</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.baomidou</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-plus-generator</artifactId>
            <version>3.5.1</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis.scripting</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-freemarker</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.3</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <scope>runtime</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
    <dependencyManagement>
        <dependencies>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-cloud-dependencies</artifactId>
                <version>${spring-cloud.version}</version>
                <type>pom</type>
                <scope>import</scope>
            </dependency>
        </dependencies>
    </dependencyManagement>
    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
                <configuration>
                    <excludes>
                        <exclude>
                            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
                            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
                        </exclude>
                    </excludes>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
</project>

配置授权服务器

在授权服务器中,主要是配置如何生成Token,以及注册的客户端有哪些

package com.soa.supervision.uaa.config;

import com.soa.supervision.uaa.constant.AuthConstants;
import com.soa.supervision.uaa.domain.SecurityUser;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.core.io.ClassPathResource;
import org.springframework.security.authentication.AuthenticationManager;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.common.DefaultOAuth2AccessToken;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.common.OAuth2AccessToken;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.config.annotation.configurers.ClientDetailsServiceConfigurer;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.config.annotation.web.configuration.AuthorizationServerConfigurerAdapter;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.config.annotation.web.configuration.EnableAuthorizationServer;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.config.annotation.web.configurers.AuthorizationServerEndpointsConfigurer;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.config.annotation.web.configurers.AuthorizationServerSecurityConfigurer;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.provider.OAuth2Authentication;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.provider.client.JdbcClientDetailsService;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.provider.endpoint.TokenKeyEndpoint;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.provider.token.TokenEnhancer;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.provider.token.TokenEnhancerChain;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.provider.token.store.JwtAccessTokenConverter;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.provider.token.store.KeyStoreKeyFactory;

import javax.annotation.Resource;
import javax.sql.DataSource;
import java.security.KeyPair;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * 授权服务器配置
 * 1、配置客户端
 * 2、配置Access_Token生成
 *
 * @Author ChengJianSheng
 * @Date 2022/2/14
 */
@Configuration
@EnableAuthorizationServer
public class AuthorizationServerConfig extends AuthorizationServerConfigurerAdapter {

    @Resource
    private DataSource dataSource;
    @Autowired
    private AuthenticationManager authenticationManager;

    @Override
    public void configure(ClientDetailsServiceConfigurer clients) throws Exception {
        clients.withClientDetails(new JdbcClientDetailsService(dataSource));
    }

    @Override
    public void configure(AuthorizationServerSecurityConfigurer security) throws Exception {
        security.allowFormAuthenticationForClients();
//        security.tokenKeyAccess("permitAll()");
    }

    @Override
    public void configure(AuthorizationServerEndpointsConfigurer endpoints) throws Exception {
        List<TokenEnhancer> tokenEnhancerList = new ArrayList<>();
        tokenEnhancerList.add(jwtTokenEnhancer());
        tokenEnhancerList.add(jwtAccessTokenConverter());
        TokenEnhancerChain tokenEnhancerChain = new TokenEnhancerChain();
        tokenEnhancerChain.setTokenEnhancers(tokenEnhancerList);

        endpoints.accessTokenConverter(jwtAccessTokenConverter())
                .tokenEnhancer(tokenEnhancerChain).authenticationManager(authenticationManager);
    }

    /**
     * Token增强
     */
    public TokenEnhancer jwtTokenEnhancer() {
        return new TokenEnhancer() {
            @Override
            public OAuth2AccessToken enhance(OAuth2AccessToken accessToken, OAuth2Authentication authentication) {
                SecurityUser securityUser = (SecurityUser) authentication.getPrincipal();
                Map<String, Object> additionalInformation = new HashMap<>();
                additionalInformation.put(AuthConstants.JWT_USER_ID_KEY, securityUser.getUserId());
                additionalInformation.put(AuthConstants.JWT_USER_NAME_KEY, securityUser.getUsername());
                additionalInformation.put(AuthConstants.JWT_DEPT_ID_KEY, securityUser.getDeptId());
                ((DefaultOAuth2AccessToken)accessToken).setAdditionalInformation(additionalInformation);
                return accessToken;
            }
        };
    }

    /**
     * 采用RSA加密算法对JWT进行签名
     */
    public JwtAccessTokenConverter jwtAccessTokenConverter() {
        JwtAccessTokenConverter jwtAccessTokenConverter = new JwtAccessTokenConverter();
        jwtAccessTokenConverter.setKeyPair(keyPair());
        return jwtAccessTokenConverter;
    }

    /**
     * 密钥对
     */
    @Bean
    public KeyPair keyPair() {
        KeyStoreKeyFactory keyStoreKeyFactory = new KeyStoreKeyFactory(new ClassPathResource("jwt.jks"), "123456".toCharArray());
        return keyStoreKeyFactory.getKeyPair("jwt", "123456".toCharArray());
    }

    @Bean
    public TokenKeyEndpoint tokenKeyEndpoint() {
        return new TokenKeyEndpoint(jwtAccessTokenConverter());
    }
}

说明:

  • 客户端是从数据库加载的
  • 密码模式下必须设置一个AuthenticationManager
  • 采用JWT生成token是因为它轻量级,无需存储可以减小服务端的存储压力。但是,为了实现退出功能,不得不将它存储到Redis中
  • 必须要对JWT进行加密,资源服务器在拿到客户端传的token时会去校验该token是否合法,否则客户端可能伪造token
  • 此处对token进行了增强,在token中加了几个字段分别表示用户ID和部门ID

    客户端表结构如下:
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `oauth_client_details`;
CREATE TABLE `oauth_client_details`  (
  `client_id` varchar(256) CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci NOT NULL COMMENT '客户端ID',
  `resource_ids` varchar(256) CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci NULL DEFAULT NULL,
  `client_secret` varchar(256) CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci NULL DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '客户端密钥',
  `scope` varchar(256) CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci NULL DEFAULT NULL,
  `authorized_grant_types` varchar(256) CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci NULL DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '授权类型',
  `web_server_redirect_uri` varchar(256) CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci NULL DEFAULT NULL,
  `authorities` varchar(256) CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci NULL DEFAULT NULL,
  `access_token_validity` int(11) NULL DEFAULT NULL COMMENT 'access_token的有效时间',
  `refresh_token_validity` int(11) NULL DEFAULT NULL COMMENT 'refresh_token的有效时间',
  `additional_information` varchar(4096) CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci NULL DEFAULT NULL,
  `autoapprove` varchar(256) CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci NULL DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '是否允许自动授权',
  PRIMARY KEY (`client_id`) USING BTREE
) ENGINE = InnoDB CHARACTER SET = utf8 COLLATE = utf8_general_ci ROW_FORMAT = DYNAMIC;

INSERT INTO `oauth_client_details` VALUES ('hello', 'order-resource', '$2a$10$1Vun/h63tI4C48BqLsy2Zel5q5M2VW6w8KThoMfxww49wf9uv/dKy', 'all', 'authorization_code,password,refresh_token', 'http://www.baidu.com', NULL, 7200, 7260, NULL, 'true');
INSERT INTO `oauth_client_details` VALUES ('sso-client-1', NULL, '$2a$10$CxEwmODmsp/HOB7LloeBJeqUjotmNzjpk2WmjxtPxAeOYifQWLfhW', 'all', 'authorization_code', 'http://localhost:9001/sso-client-1/login/oauth2/code/custom', NULL, 180, 240, NULL, 'true');

本例中采用RSA非对称加密,密钥文件用的是java自带的keytools生成的

将来,认证服务器用私钥对token加密,然后将公钥公开

package com.soa.supervision.uaa.controller;

import com.nimbusds.jose.jwk.JWKSet;
import com.nimbusds.jose.jwk.RSAKey;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import java.security.KeyPair;
import java.security.interfaces.RSAPublicKey;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * @Author ChengJianSheng
 * @Date 2022/2/15
 */
@RestController
public class KeyPairController {

    @Autowired
    private KeyPair keyPair;

    @GetMapping("/rsa/publicKey")
    public Map<String, Object> getKey() {
        RSAPublicKey publicKey = (RSAPublicKey) this.keyPair.getPublic();
        RSAKey key = new RSAKey.Builder(publicKey).build();
        return new JWKSet(key).toJSONObject();
    }
}

配置WebSecurity

在WebSecurity中主要是配置用户,以及哪些请求需要认证以后才能访问

package com.soa.supervision.uaa.config;

import com.soa.supervision.uaa.service.impl.UserDetailsServiceImpl;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.actuate.autoconfigure.security.servlet.EndpointRequest;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.security.authentication.AuthenticationManager;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.authentication.builders.AuthenticationManagerBuilder;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.builders.HttpSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.EnableWebSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter;
import org.springframework.security.crypto.bcrypt.BCryptPasswordEncoder;
import org.springframework.security.crypto.password.PasswordEncoder;

/**
 * @Author ChengJianSheng
 * @Date 2022/2/14
 */
@Configuration
@EnableWebSecurity
public class WebSecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {

    @Autowired
    private UserDetailsServiceImpl userDetailsService;

    @Override
    protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
        http.authorizeRequests()
                .requestMatchers(EndpointRequest.toAnyEndpoint()).permitAll()
                .antMatchers("/rsa/publicKey", "/menu/tree").permitAll()
                .anyRequest().authenticated()
                .and().formLogin().permitAll()
                .and()
                .csrf().disable();
    }

    @Override
    protected void configure(AuthenticationManagerBuilder auth) throws Exception {
        auth.userDetailsService(userDetailsService).passwordEncoder(passwordEncoder());
    }

    @Bean
    @Override
    public AuthenticationManager authenticationManagerBean() throws Exception {
        return super.authenticationManagerBean();
    }

    @Bean
    public PasswordEncoder passwordEncoder() {
        return new BCryptPasswordEncoder();
    }
}

UserDetailsService实现类

package com.soa.supervision.uaa.service.impl;

import com.soa.supervision.uaa.domain.AuthUserDTO;
import com.soa.supervision.uaa.domain.SecurityUser;
import com.soa.supervision.uaa.service.SysUserService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.security.authentication.LockedException;
import org.springframework.security.core.authority.SimpleGrantedAuthority;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetails;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetailsService;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UsernameNotFoundException;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import java.util.Set;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;

/**
 * @Author ChengJianSheng
 * @Date 2022/2/14
 */
@Service
public class UserDetailsServiceImpl implements UserDetailsService {

    @Autowired
    private SysUserService sysUserService;

    @Override
    public UserDetails loadUserByUsername(String username) throws UsernameNotFoundException {
        AuthUserDTO authUserDTO = sysUserService.getAuthUserByUsername(username);
        if (null == authUserDTO) {
            throw new UsernameNotFoundException("用户不存在");
        }
        if (!authUserDTO.isEnabled()) {
            throw new LockedException("账号被禁用");
        }
        Set<SimpleGrantedAuthority> authorities = authUserDTO.getRoles().stream().map(SimpleGrantedAuthority::new).collect(Collectors.toSet());
        return new SecurityUser(authUserDTO.getUserId(), authUserDTO.getDeptId(), authUserDTO.getUsername(), authUserDTO.getPassword(), authUserDTO.isEnabled(), authorities);
    }
}

SysUserService

package com.soa.supervision.uaa.service;

import com.soa.supervision.uaa.domain.AuthUserDTO;
import com.soa.supervision.uaa.entity.SysUser;
import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.extension.service.IService;

/**
 * <p>
 * 用户表 服务类
 * </p>
 *
 * @author ChengJianSheng
 * @since 2022-02-14
 */
public interface SysUserService extends IService<SysUser> {
    AuthUserDTO getAuthUserByUsername(String username);
}

AuthUserDTO

package com.soa.supervision.uaa.domain;

import lombok.Data;

import java.io.Serializable;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * @Author ChengJianSheng
 * @Date 2022/2/15
 */
@Data
public class AuthUserDTO implements Serializable {
    private Integer userId;
    private String username;
    private String password;
    private Integer deptId;
    private boolean enabled;
    private List<String> roles;
}

SysUserServiceImpl

package com.soa.supervision.uaa.service.impl;

import com.soa.supervision.uaa.domain.AuthUserDTO;
import com.soa.supervision.uaa.entity.SysUser;
import com.soa.supervision.uaa.mapper.SysUserMapper;
import com.soa.supervision.uaa.service.SysUserService;
import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.extension.service.impl.ServiceImpl;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

/**
 * <p>
 * 用户表 服务实现类
 * </p>
 *
 * @author ChengJianSheng
 * @since 2022-02-14
 */
@Service
public class SysUserServiceImpl extends ServiceImpl<SysUserMapper, SysUser> implements SysUserService {

    @Autowired
    private SysUserMapper sysUserMapper;

    @Override
    public AuthUserDTO getAuthUserByUsername(String username) {
        return sysUserMapper.selectAuthUserByUsername(username);
    }
}

SysUserMapper

package com.soa.supervision.uaa.mapper;

import com.soa.supervision.uaa.domain.AuthUserDTO;
import com.soa.supervision.uaa.entity.SysUser;
import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.core.mapper.BaseMapper;

/**
 * 用户表 Mapper 接口
 *
 * @author ChengJianSheng
 * @since 2022-02-14
 */
public interface SysUserMapper extends BaseMapper<SysUser> {
    AuthUserDTO selectAuthUserByUsername(String username);
}

SysUserMapper.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="com.soa.supervision.uaa.mapper.SysUserMapper">
    
    <resultMap id="authUserResultMap" type="com.soa.supervision.uaa.domain.AuthUserDTO">
        <id property="userId" column="id"/>
        <result property="username" column="username"/>
        <result property="password" column="password"/>
        <result property="deptId" column="dept_id"/>
        <result property="enabled" column="enabled"/>
        <collection property="roles" ofType="string" javaType="list">
            <result column="role_code"/>
        </collection>
    </resultMap>

    <!-- 根据用户名查用户 -->
    <select id="selectAuthUserByUsername" resultMap="authUserResultMap">
        SELECT
            t1.id,
            t1.username,
            t1.`password`,
            t1.dept_id,
            t1.enabled,
            t3.`code` AS role_code
        FROM
            sys_user t1
                LEFT JOIN sys_user_role t2 ON t1.id = t2.user_id
                LEFT JOIN sys_role t3 ON t2.role_id = t3.id
        WHERE
            t1.username = #{username}
    </select>

</mapper>

UserDetails

package com.soa.supervision.uaa.domain;

import lombok.AllArgsConstructor;
import org.springframework.security.core.GrantedAuthority;
import org.springframework.security.core.authority.SimpleGrantedAuthority;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetails;

import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.Set;

/**
 * @Author ChengJianSheng
 * @Date 2022/2/14
 */
@AllArgsConstructor
public class SecurityUser implements UserDetails {
    /**
     * 扩展字段
     */
    private Integer userId;
    private Integer deptId;

    private String username;
    private String password;
    private boolean enabled;
    private Set<SimpleGrantedAuthority> authorities;

    @Override
    public Collection<? extends GrantedAuthority> getAuthorities() {
        return authorities;
    }

    @Override
    public String getPassword() {
        return password;
    }

    @Override
    public String getUsername() {
        return username;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isAccountNonExpired() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isAccountNonLocked() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isCredentialsNonExpired() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isEnabled() {
        return enabled;
    }

    public Integer getUserId() {
        return userId;
    }

    public Integer getDeptId() {
        return deptId;
    }
}

登录

默认的登录url是/login,本例中没有自定义登录页面,而是使用默认的登录页面
正常的密码模式下,输入用户名和密码,登录成功以后返回token。本例中使用密码模式,所以写了个登录接口,而且也是取巧,覆盖了默认的/oauth/token端点

package com.soa.supervision.uaa.controller;

import com.tgf.common.domain.RespResult;
import com.tgf.common.util.RespUtils;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.common.OAuth2AccessToken;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.provider.endpoint.TokenEndpoint;
import org.springframework.web.HttpRequestMethodNotSupportedException;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.*;

import java.security.Principal;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * @Author ChengJianSheng
 * @Date 2022/2/18
 */
@RestController
@RequestMapping("/oauth")
public class AuthorizationController {

    @Autowired
    private TokenEndpoint tokenEndpoint;

    /**
     * 密码模式 登录
     * @param principal
     * @param parameters
     * @return
     * @throws HttpRequestMethodNotSupportedException
     */
    @PostMapping("/token")
    public RespResult postAccessToken(Principal principal, @RequestParam Map<String, String> parameters) throws HttpRequestMethodNotSupportedException {
        OAuth2AccessToken oAuth2AccessToken = tokenEndpoint.postAccessToken(principal, parameters).getBody();
        Map<String, Object> map = new HashMap<>();
        //  缓存
        return RespUtils.success();
    }

    /**
     * 退出
     * @return
     */
    @PostMapping("/logout")
    public RespResult logout() {

//        JSONObject payload = JwtUtils.getJwtPayload();
//        String jti = payload.getStr(SecurityConstants.JWT_JTI); // JWT唯一标识
//        Long expireTime = payload.getLong(SecurityConstants.JWT_EXP); // JWT过期时间戳(单位:秒)
//        if (expireTime != null) {
//            long currentTime = System.currentTimeMillis() / 1000;// 当前时间(单位:秒)
//            if (expireTime > currentTime) { // token未过期,添加至缓存作为黑名单限制访问,缓存时间为token过期剩余时间
//                redisTemplate.opsForValue().set(SecurityConstants.TOKEN_BLACKLIST_PREFIX + jti, null, (expireTime - currentTime), TimeUnit.SECONDS);
//            }
//        } else { // token 永不过期则永久加入黑名单
//            redisTemplate.opsForValue().set(SecurityConstants.TOKEN_BLACKLIST_PREFIX + jti, null);
//        }
//        return Result.success("注销成功");

        return RespUtils.success();
    }
}

补充:授权码模式获取access_token

菜单

登录以后,前端会查询菜单并展示,下面是菜单相关接口
SysMenuController

package com.soa.supervision.uaa.controller;


import com.soa.supervision.uaa.domain.MenuVO;
import com.soa.supervision.uaa.service.SysMenuService;
import com.tgf.common.domain.RespResult;
import com.tgf.common.util.RespUtils;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;

import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * <p>
 * 菜单表 前端控制器
 * </p>
 *
 * @author ChengJianSheng
 * @since 2022-02-21
 */
@RestController
@RequestMapping("/menu")
public class SysMenuController {

    @Autowired
    private SysMenuService sysMenuService;

    @GetMapping("/tree")
    public RespResult tree(@RequestHeader("userId") Integer userId, String systemCode) {
        if (StringUtils.isBlank(systemCode)) {
            systemCode = "ADMIN";
        }
        List<MenuVO> voList = sysMenuService.getMenuByUserId(systemCode, userId);
        return RespUtils.success(voList);
    }
}

SysMenuService

package com.soa.supervision.uaa.service;

import com.soa.supervision.uaa.domain.MenuVO;
import com.soa.supervision.uaa.entity.SysMenu;
import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.extension.service.IService;

import java.util.List;

/**
 * <p>
 * 菜单表 服务类
 * </p>
 *
 * @author ChengJianSheng
 * @since 2022-02-21
 */
public interface SysMenuService extends IService<SysMenu> {
    List<MenuVO> getMenuByUserId(String systemCode, Integer userId);
}

SysMenuServiceImpl

package com.soa.supervision.uaa.service.impl;

import com.soa.supervision.uaa.domain.MenuVO;
import com.soa.supervision.uaa.entity.SysMenu;
import com.soa.supervision.uaa.mapper.SysMenuMapper;
import com.soa.supervision.uaa.service.SysMenuService;
import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.extension.service.impl.ServiceImpl;
import org.springframework.beans.BeanUtils;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;

/**
 * <p>
 * 菜单表 服务实现类
 * </p>
 *
 * @author ChengJianSheng
 * @since 2022-02-21
 */
@Service
public class SysMenuServiceImpl extends ServiceImpl<SysMenuMapper, SysMenu> implements SysMenuService {

    @Autowired
    private SysMenuMapper sysMenuMapper;

    /**
     * 构造菜单树
     * @param systemCode
     * @param roleIds
     * @return
     */
    @Override
    public List<MenuVO> getMenuByUserId(String systemCode, Integer userId) {
        List<MenuVO> voList = new ArrayList<>();

        List<SysMenu> sysMenuList = sysMenuMapper.selectMenuByUserId(systemCode, userId);
        if (null == sysMenuList || sysMenuList.size() == 0) {
            return voList;
        }
        List<MenuVO> menuVOList = sysMenuList.stream().map(e->{
            MenuVO vo = new MenuVO();
            BeanUtils.copyProperties(e, vo);
            vo.setChildren(new ArrayList<>());
            return vo;
        }).distinct().collect(Collectors.toList());

        for (int i = 0; i < menuVOList.size(); i++) {
            for (int j = 0; j < menuVOList.size(); j++) {
                if (menuVOList.get(i).getId().equals(menuVOList.get(j).getId())) {
                    continue;
                }
                if (menuVOList.get(i).getId().equals(menuVOList.get(j).getParentId())) {
                    menuVOList.get(i).getChildren().add(menuVOList.get(j));
                }
            }
        }

        return menuVOList.stream().filter(e->0==e.getParentId()).collect(Collectors.toList());
    }
}

MenuVO

package com.soa.supervision.uaa.domain;

import lombok.Data;

import java.io.Serializable;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * @Author ChengJianSheng
 * @Date 2022/2/21
 */
@Data
public class MenuVO implements Serializable {

    private Integer id;

    /**
     * 菜单名称
     */
    private String name;

    /**
     * 父级菜单ID
     */
    private Integer parentId;

    /**
     * 路由地址
     */
    private String routePath;

    /**
     * 组件
     */
    private String component;

    /**
     * 图标
     */
    private String icon;

    /**
     * 排序号
     */
    private Integer sort;

    /**
     * 子菜单
     */
    private List<MenuVO> children;
}

SysMenuMapper

package com.soa.supervision.uaa.mapper;

import com.soa.supervision.uaa.entity.SysMenu;
import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.core.mapper.BaseMapper;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Param;

import java.util.List;

/**
 * <p>
 * 菜单表 Mapper 接口
 * </p>
 *
 * @author ChengJianSheng
 * @since 2022-02-21
 */
public interface SysMenuMapper extends BaseMapper<SysMenu> {
    List<SysMenu> selectMenuByUserId(@Param("systemCode") String systemCode, @Param("userId") Integer userId);
}

SysMenuMapper.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="com.soa.supervision.uaa.mapper.SysMenuMapper">

    <!-- 根据用户查菜单 -->
    <select id="selectMenuByUserId" resultType="com.soa.supervision.uaa.entity.SysMenu">
        SELECT
            t1.*
        FROM
            sys_menu t1
                INNER JOIN sys_role_menu t2 ON t1.id = t2.menu_id
                INNER JOIN sys_user_role t3 ON t2.role_id = t3.role_id
        WHERE
            t1.type = 1
          AND t1.hidden = 0
          AND t1.system_code = #{systemCode}
          AND t3.user_id = #{userId}
        ORDER BY
            t1.sort ASC
    </select>

</mapper>

application.yml

server:
  port: 8094
  servlet:
    context-path: /soas-uaa
spring:
  application:
    name: soas-uaa
  datasource:
    url: jdbc:mysql://192.168.28.22:3306/demo?serverTimezone=Asia/Shanghai&useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf8&useSSL=false
    driver-class-name: com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver
    username: root
    password: 1234567
  redis:
    host: 192.168.28.01
    port: 6379
    password: 123456
logging:
  level:
    org:
      springframework:
        security: debug
mybatis-plus:
  configuration:
    log-impl: org.apache.ibatis.logging.stdout.StdOutImpl

3  网关

在这里,网关相当于OAuth2中的资源服务器这么个角色。网关代理了所有的业务微服务,如果说那些业务服务是资源的,那么网关就是资源的集合,访问网关就是访问资源,访问资源就要先认证再授权才能访问。同时,网关又相当于一个公共方法,因此在这里做鉴权是比较合适的。

首先是依赖

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <parent>
        <groupId>com.tgf</groupId>
        <artifactId>tgf-service-parent</artifactId>
        <version>1.3.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>
    <groupId>com.soa.supervision.gateway</groupId>
    <artifactId>soas-gateway</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <name>soas-gateway</name>
    <properties>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
        <spring-security.version>5.6.1</spring-security.version>
    </properties>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-gateway</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-redis</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.security</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-security-config</artifactId>
            <version>${spring-security.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.security</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-security-oauth2-resource-server</artifactId>
            <version>${spring-security.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.security</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-security-oauth2-jose</artifactId>
            <version>${spring-security.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- spring-security-oauth2-jose的依赖中包含了nimbus-jose-jwt,只是版本不是最新的而已,这里如果想使用更高版本的nimbus-jose-jwt的话可以重新声明一下 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.nimbusds</groupId>
            <artifactId>nimbus-jose-jwt</artifactId>
            <version>9.15.2</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.commons</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-collections4</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>cn.hutool</groupId>
            <artifactId>hutool-all</artifactId>
            <version>5.7.21</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
    <dependencyManagement>
        <dependencies>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-cloud-dependencies</artifactId>
                <version>${spring-cloud.version}</version>
                <type>pom</type>
                <scope>import</scope>
            </dependency>
        </dependencies>
    </dependencyManagement>
    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
                <configuration>
                    <excludes>
                        <exclude>
                            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
                            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
                        </exclude>
                    </excludes>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
</project>

application.yml

server:
  port: 8090
spring:
  cloud:
    gateway:
      routes:
        - id: soas-enterprise
          uri: http://127.0.0.1:8093
          predicates:
            - Path=/soas-enterprise/**
        - id: soas-portal
          uri: http://127.0.0.1:8092
          predicates:
            - Path=/soas-portal/**
        - id: soas-finance
          uri: http://127.0.0.1:8095
          predicates:
            - Path=/soas-finance/**
      discovery:
        locator:
          enabled: false
  redis:
    host: 192.168.28.01
    port: 6379
    password: 123456
    database: 9
  security:
    oauth2:
      resourceserver:
        jwt:
          jwk-set-uri: http://localhost:8094/soas-uaa/rsa/publicKey
secure:
  ignore:
    urls:
      - /soas-portal/auth/**

直接放行的url

package com.soa.supervision.gateway.config;

import lombok.Data;
import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.ConfigurationProperties;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

/**
 * @Author ChengJianSheng
 * @Date 2021/12/15
 */
@Data
@Component
@ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "secure.ignore")
public class IgnoreUrlProperties {
    private String[] urls;
}

logback.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<configuration scan="true" scanPeriod="30 seconds" debug="false">
    <property name="log.charset" value="utf-8" />
    <property name="log.pattern" value="%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss} [%thread] %-5level %logger{36} - %msg%n" />
    <property name="log.dir" value="./logs" />

    <!--输出到控制台-->
    <appender name="console" class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
        <encoder>
            <pattern>${log.pattern}</pattern>
            <charset>${log.charset}</charset>
        </encoder>
    </appender>
    <appender name="file" class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.RollingFileAppender">
        <file>${log.dir}/soas-gateway.log</file>
        <rollingPolicy class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.TimeBasedRollingPolicy">
            <fileNamePattern>${log.dir}/soas-gateway.%d{yyyy-MM-dd}.log</fileNamePattern>
            <maxHistory>30</maxHistory>
            <totalSizeCap>3GB</totalSizeCap>
        </rollingPolicy>
        <encoder>
            <pattern>${log.pattern}</pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>

    <root level="info">
        <appender-ref ref="console" />
        <appender-ref ref="file" />
    </root>
</configuration>

鉴权

真正的权限判断或者说权限控制是在这里,下面这段代码尤为重要,而且它在整个网关过滤器之前调用

package com.soa.supervision.gateway.config;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.soa.supervision.gateway.constant.AuthConstants;
import com.soa.supervision.gateway.constant.RedisConstants;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.apache.commons.collections4.CollectionUtils;
import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.core.io.buffer.DataBuffer;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.StringRedisTemplate;
import org.springframework.http.server.reactive.ServerHttpRequest;
import org.springframework.security.authorization.AuthorizationDecision;
import org.springframework.security.authorization.ReactiveAuthorizationManager;
import org.springframework.security.core.Authentication;
import org.springframework.security.core.GrantedAuthority;
import org.springframework.security.web.server.authorization.AuthorizationContext;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import org.springframework.util.AntPathMatcher;
import org.springframework.util.PathMatcher;
import reactor.core.publisher.Mono;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * @Author ChengJianSheng
 * @Date 2022/2/16
 */
@Slf4j
@Component
public class AuthorizationManager implements ReactiveAuthorizationManager<AuthorizationContext> {

    private final PathMatcher pathMatcher = new AntPathMatcher();

    @Autowired
    private StringRedisTemplate stringRedisTemplate;

    @Override
    public Mono<AuthorizationDecision> check(Mono<Authentication> authentication, AuthorizationContext context) {
        ServerHttpRequest request = context.getExchange().getRequest();
        String path = request.getURI().getPath();

        //  token不能为空且有效
        String token = request.getHeaders().getFirst(AuthConstants.JWT_TOKEN_HEADER);
        if (StringUtils.isBlank(token) || !token.startsWith(AuthConstants.JWT_TOKEN_PREFIX)) {
            return Mono.just(new AuthorizationDecision(false));
        }

        String realToken = token.trim().substring(7);
        Long ttl = stringRedisTemplate.getExpire(RedisConstants.ONLINE_TOKEN_PREFIX_KV + realToken);
        if (ttl <= 0) {
            return Mono.just(new AuthorizationDecision(false));
        }

        //  获取访问资源所需的角色
        List<String> authorizedRoles = new ArrayList<>();   //  拥有访问权限的角色
        Map<Object, Object> urlRoleMap = stringRedisTemplate.opsForHash().entries(RedisConstants.URL_ROLE_MAP_HK);
        for (Map.Entry<Object, Object> entry : urlRoleMap.entrySet()) {
            String permissionUrl = (String) entry.getKey();
            List<String> roles = JSON.parseArray((String) entry.getValue(), String.class);
            if (pathMatcher.match(permissionUrl, path)) {
                authorizedRoles.addAll(roles);
            }
        }
        //  没有配置权限规则表示无需授权,直接放行
        if (CollectionUtils.isEmpty(authorizedRoles)) {
            return Mono.just(new AuthorizationDecision(true));
        }

        //  判断用户拥有的角色是否可以访问资源
        return authentication.filter(Authentication::isAuthenticated)
                .flatMapIterable(Authentication::getAuthorities)
                .map(GrantedAuthority::getAuthority).any(authorizedRoles::contains)
                .map(AuthorizationDecision::new)
                .defaultIfEmpty(new AuthorizationDecision(false));
    }

}

菜单权限在Redis中是这样存储的
url -> [角色编码, 角色编码, 角色编码]

查询SQL

SELECT
	t1.url,
	t3.`code` AS role_code 
FROM
	sys_menu t1
	LEFT JOIN sys_role_menu t2 ON t1.id = t2.menu_id
	LEFT JOIN sys_role t3 ON t2.role_id = t3.id
WHERE t1.url is NOT NULL;

存储到Redis

HSET "/soas-order/order/pageList" "[\"admin\",\"org\"]"
HSET "/soas-order/order/save" "[\"admin\",\"enterprise\"]"

资源访问的一些配置

ResourceServerConfig

package com.soa.supervision.gateway.config;

import cn.hutool.core.codec.Base64;
import cn.hutool.core.io.IoUtil;
import com.soa.supervision.gateway.util.ResponseUtils;
import lombok.SneakyThrows;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.core.convert.converter.Converter;
import org.springframework.core.io.ClassPathResource;
import org.springframework.core.io.Resource;
import org.springframework.http.HttpStatus;
import org.springframework.security.access.AccessDeniedException;
import org.springframework.security.authentication.AbstractAuthenticationToken;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.reactive.EnableWebFluxSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.web.server.ServerHttpSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.core.AuthenticationException;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.jwt.Jwt;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.server.resource.authentication.JwtAuthenticationConverter;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.server.resource.authentication.JwtGrantedAuthoritiesConverter;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.server.resource.authentication.ReactiveJwtAuthenticationConverterAdapter;
import org.springframework.security.web.server.SecurityWebFilterChain;
import org.springframework.security.web.server.ServerAuthenticationEntryPoint;
import org.springframework.security.web.server.authorization.ServerAccessDeniedHandler;
import org.springframework.web.server.ServerWebExchange;
import reactor.core.publisher.Mono;

import java.io.InputStream;
import java.security.KeyFactory;
import java.security.interfaces.RSAPublicKey;
import java.security.spec.X509EncodedKeySpec;

/**
 * @Author ChengJianSheng
 * @Date 2022/02/15
 */
@Configuration
@EnableWebFluxSecurity
public class ResourceServerConfig {

    @Autowired
    private IgnoreUrlProperties ignoreUrlProperties;
    @Autowired
    private AuthorizationManager authorizationManager;

    @Bean
    public SecurityWebFilterChain securityWebFilterChain(ServerHttpSecurity http) {
        //  配置JWT解码相关
        http.oauth2ResourceServer().jwt().jwtAuthenticationConverter(jwtAuthenticationConverter());//.publicKey(rsaPublicKey());

        http.authorizeExchange()
                .pathMatchers(ignoreUrlProperties.getUrls()).permitAll()
                .anyExchange().access(authorizationManager)
                .and()
                .exceptionHandling()
                .accessDeniedHandler(accessDeniedHandler())
                .authenticationEntryPoint(authenticationEntryPoint())
                .and()
                .csrf().disable();

        return http.build();
    }

    public Converter<Jwt, Mono<AbstractAuthenticationToken>> jwtAuthenticationConverter() {
        JwtGrantedAuthoritiesConverter jwtGrantedAuthoritiesConverter = new JwtGrantedAuthoritiesConverter();
//        jwtGrantedAuthoritiesConverter.setAuthorityPrefix("ROLE_");
        jwtGrantedAuthoritiesConverter.setAuthorityPrefix("");
        jwtGrantedAuthoritiesConverter.setAuthoritiesClaimName("authorities");

        JwtAuthenticationConverter jwtAuthenticationConverter = new JwtAuthenticationConverter();
        jwtAuthenticationConverter.setJwtGrantedAuthoritiesConverter(jwtGrantedAuthoritiesConverter);

        return new ReactiveJwtAuthenticationConverterAdapter(jwtAuthenticationConverter);
    }

    /**
     * 未授权(没有访问权限)
     */
    public ServerAccessDeniedHandler accessDeniedHandler() {
        return (ServerWebExchange exchange, AccessDeniedException denied) -> {
            Mono<Void> mono = Mono.defer(() -> Mono.just(exchange.getResponse())).flatMap(resp -> ResponseUtils.writeErrorInfo(resp, HttpStatus.UNAUTHORIZED));
            return mono;
        };
    }

    /**
     * 未登录
     */
    public ServerAuthenticationEntryPoint authenticationEntryPoint() {
        return (ServerWebExchange exchange, AuthenticationException ex) -> {
            Mono<Void> mono = Mono.defer(() -> Mono.just(exchange.getResponse())).flatMap(resp -> ResponseUtils.writeErrorInfo(resp, HttpStatus.FORBIDDEN));
            return mono;
        };
    }

    /**
     * 测试本地公钥(可选)
     */
    @SneakyThrows
    @Bean
    public RSAPublicKey rsaPublicKey() {
        Resource resource = new ClassPathResource("public.key");
        InputStream is = resource.getInputStream();
        String publicKeyData = IoUtil.read(is).toString();
        X509EncodedKeySpec keySpec = new X509EncodedKeySpec((Base64.decode(publicKeyData)));

        KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance("RSA");
        RSAPublicKey rsaPublicKey = (RSAPublicKey)keyFactory.generatePublic(keySpec);
        return rsaPublicKey;
    }
}

说明:

  • 公钥可以从远程获取,也可以放在本地从本地读取。上面代码中,被注释调的就是测试一下从本地读取公钥。

从源码中我们也可以看出有多种方式,本例中采用的是从远程获取,因此在前面application.yml中配置了spring.security.oauth2.resourceserver.jwt.jwk-set-uri

响应工具类ResponseUtils

package com.soa.supervision.gateway.util;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.tgf.common.domain.RespResult;
import com.tgf.common.util.RespUtils;
import org.springframework.core.io.buffer.DataBuffer;
import org.springframework.core.io.buffer.DataBufferUtils;
import org.springframework.http.HttpHeaders;
import org.springframework.http.HttpStatus;
import org.springframework.http.MediaType;
import org.springframework.http.server.reactive.ServerHttpResponse;
import reactor.core.publisher.Mono;

import java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets;

/**
 * @Author ChengJianSheng
 * @Date 2022/2/16
 */
public class ResponseUtils {
    public static Mono<Void> writeErrorInfo(ServerHttpResponse response, HttpStatus httpStatus) {
        response.getHeaders().set(HttpHeaders.CONTENT_TYPE, MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_VALUE);
        response.getHeaders().set("Access-Control-Allow-Origin", "*");
        response.getHeaders().set("Cache-Control", "no-cache");

        RespResult respResult = RespUtils.fail(httpStatus.value(), httpStatus.getReasonPhrase());
        String body = JSON.toJSONString(respResult);
        DataBuffer buffer = response.bufferFactory().wrap(body.getBytes(StandardCharsets.UTF_8));

        return response.writeWith(Mono.just(buffer))
                .doOnError(error -> DataBufferUtils.release(buffer));
    }
}

鉴权通过以后,可以解析token,并将一些有用的信息放到header中传给下游的业务服务,这样的话业务服务就无需再解析token了,在网关这里统一处理是最适合的了
TokenFilter

package com.soa.supervision.gateway.filter;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSONObject;
import com.nimbusds.jose.JWSObject;
import com.soa.supervision.gateway.constant.AuthConstants;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils;
import org.springframework.cloud.gateway.filter.GatewayFilterChain;
import org.springframework.cloud.gateway.filter.GlobalFilter;
import org.springframework.http.server.reactive.ServerHttpRequest;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import org.springframework.web.server.ServerWebExchange;
import reactor.core.publisher.Mono;

import java.text.ParseException;

/**
 * 只有当请求URL匹配路由规则时才会执行全局过滤器
 *
 * @Author ChengJianSheng
 * @Date 2021/12/15
 */
@Slf4j
@Component
public class TokenFilter implements GlobalFilter {

    @Override
    public Mono<Void> filter(ServerWebExchange exchange, GatewayFilterChain chain) {
        ServerHttpRequest request = exchange.getRequest();
        String token = request.getHeaders().getFirst(AuthConstants.JWT_TOKEN_HEADER);

        if (StringUtils.isBlank(token)) {
            return chain.filter(exchange);
        }

        String realToken = token.trim().substring(7);

        try {
            JWSObject jwsObject = JWSObject.parse(realToken);
            String payload = jwsObject.getPayload().toString();
            JSONObject jsonObject = JSON.parseObject(payload);
            String userId = jsonObject.getString("userId");
            String deptId = jsonObject.getString("deptId");
            request = request.mutate()
                    .header(AuthConstants.HEADER_USER_ID, userId)
                    .header(AuthConstants.HEADER_DEPT_ID, deptId)
                    .build();
            //  可以把整个Payload放到请求头中
//            exchange.getRequest().mutate().header("user", payload).build();
            exchange = exchange.mutate().request(request).build();
        } catch (ParseException e) {
            log.error("解析token失败!原因: {}", e.getMessage(), e);
        }

        return chain.filter(exchange);
    }
}

最后,是几个常量类
AuthConstants

package com.soa.supervision.gateway.constant;

/**
 * @Author ChengJianSheng
 * @Date 2021/11/17
 */
public class AuthConstants {

    public static final String ROLE_PREFIX = "ROLE_";
    public static final String JWT_TOKEN_HEADER = "Authorization";
    public static final String JWT_TOKEN_PREFIX = "Bearer ";

    public static final String TOKEN_WHITELIST_PREFIX = "TOKEN:";

    public static final String HEADER_USER_ID = "x-user-id";
    public static final String HEADER_DEPT_ID = "x-dept-id";
}

RedisConstants

package com.soa.supervision.gateway.constant;

/**
 * @Author ChengJianSheng
 * @Date 2022/2/16
 */
public class RedisConstants {
    //  资源角色映射关系
    public static final String URL_ROLE_MAP_HK = "URL_ROLE_HS";
    //  有效的TOKEN
    public static final String ONLINE_TOKEN_PREFIX_KV = "ONLINE_TOKEN:";
}

最后,数据库脚本

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `sys_menu`;
CREATE TABLE `sys_menu`  (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `system_name` varchar(64) CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci NOT NULL COMMENT '系统名称',
  `system_code` varchar(64) CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci NOT NULL COMMENT '系统编码',
  `name` varchar(64) CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci NOT NULL COMMENT '菜单名称',
  `parent_id` int(11) NOT NULL COMMENT '父级菜单ID',
  `route_path` varchar(64) CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci NULL DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '路由地址',
  `component` varchar(64) CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci NULL DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '组件',
  `icon` varchar(64) CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci NULL DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '图标',
  `sort` smallint(8) NOT NULL COMMENT '排序号',
  `hidden` tinyint(4) NOT NULL COMMENT '是否隐藏(1:是,0:否)',
  `create_time` datetime NOT NULL COMMENT '创建时间',
  `update_time` datetime NOT NULL ON UPDATE CURRENT_TIMESTAMP COMMENT '修改时间',
  `create_user` varchar(255) CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci NOT NULL COMMENT '创建人',
  `update_user` varchar(255) CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci NOT NULL COMMENT '修改人',
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`) USING BTREE
) ENGINE = InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT = 5 CHARACTER SET = utf8mb4 COLLATE = utf8mb4_general_ci COMMENT = '菜单表' ROW_FORMAT = DYNAMIC;


DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `sys_permission`;
CREATE TABLE `sys_permission`  (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `menu_id` int(11) NOT NULL COMMENT '菜单ID',
  `name` varchar(255) CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci NOT NULL COMMENT '名称',
  `url` varchar(255) CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci NOT NULL COMMENT 'URL',
  `create_time` datetime NULL DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '创建时间',
  `update_time` datetime NULL DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '修改时间',
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`) USING BTREE
) ENGINE = InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT = 1 CHARACTER SET = utf8mb4 COLLATE = utf8mb4_general_ci COMMENT = '权限表' ROW_FORMAT = Dynamic;

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `sys_role`;
CREATE TABLE `sys_role`  (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `name` varchar(64) CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci NOT NULL COMMENT '角色名称',
  `code` varchar(64) CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci NOT NULL COMMENT '角色编码',
  `sort` smallint(8) NOT NULL COMMENT '排序号',
  `create_time` datetime NOT NULL COMMENT '创建时间',
  `update_time` datetime NOT NULL COMMENT '修改时间',
  `create_user` varchar(255) CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci NULL DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '创建人',
  `update_user` varchar(255) CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci NULL DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '修改人',
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`) USING BTREE
) ENGINE = InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT = 4 CHARACTER SET = utf8mb4 COLLATE = utf8mb4_general_ci COMMENT = '角色表' ROW_FORMAT = DYNAMIC;

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `sys_role_menu`;
CREATE TABLE `sys_role_menu`  (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `role_id` int(11) NOT NULL COMMENT '角色ID',
  `menu_id` int(11) NOT NULL COMMENT '菜单ID',
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`) USING BTREE
) ENGINE = InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT = 6 CHARACTER SET = utf8mb4 COLLATE = utf8mb4_general_ci COMMENT = '角色菜单表' ROW_FORMAT = DYNAMIC;

项目截图

5  有用的文档

https://github.com/spring-projects/spring-security/wiki/OAuth-2.0-Migration-Guide

https://docs.spring.io/spring-security-oauth2-boot/docs/current/reference/html5/

https://docs.spring.io/spring-security/reference/index.html

https://github.com/spring-projects/spring-security-samples/tree/5.6.x

https://github.com/spring-projects/spring-security/wiki</font

https://jwt.io/

https://jwt.io/introduction

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